Acid reflux, which is also known as Gastroesophageal Reflux Disorder, is a condition which has many symptoms that are similar to heartburn.  In many cases, people suffering from acid reflux typically suffer from heartburn several days per week.  This is also a serious medical condition because in the long term, because the acid from the stomach can erode or wear away the delicate lining of the esophagus.  This can lead to scarred tissue that causes swallowing problems and may lead to an increased risk of esophageal cancer.  Unfortunately, there is not one known specific cause of acid reflux.  But it is known that a malfunction of a band of muscle called the lower esophageal sphincter can ultimately lead to many of the problems and symptoms associated with acid reflux and heartburn.  It is responsible for the opening and closing of the lower end of the esophagus when we eat and swallow and it normally keeps the stomach contents from regurgitating, but due to certain physical conditions it can weaken and lose its contraction control.  If this happens, the LES fails to close up and cannot maintain the pressure barrier between stomach and esophagus. As a result, acid and pepsin from the stomach can flow back up and cause acidity and heartburn in the esophagus.   Because it is the most common but most troublesome gastric problem known worldwide, several treatments and medications are made available in the market.  The patient can chose between over the counter medication or acid reflux home remedies options.